Arid Lands Development Focus (ALDEF)

ASAL Humanitarian Network, Drought Needs Assessment, July 2021

The ASAL Humanitarian Network is a platform led by local and national NGOs promoting a humanitarian system that enables more locally-led responses. Its current 30 members are all operational within the Arid and Semi-Arid Land (ASAL) counties in Northern Kenya. They have a wide array of expertise, including food security and livelihoods, cash transfer programming, WASH, media and advocacy and community engagement. As a network, member organizations complement and add value to each other’s programmes and have invested in structures that cover the breadth of the ASAL counties that can be used for rapid and timely delivery of interventions, whilst coming together with a collective voice against injustice.

Following the below average rainfall during the March to May long rains, most counties in Northern and Eastern Kenya are on alert with the worsening drought trend. In this context, ASAL Humanitarian Network, with the technical support from ACTED, conducted a Drought Needs Assessment between 13th – 15th July 2021 covering 9 ASAL counties namely, Baringo, Garissa, Isiolo, Mandera, Marsabit, Samburu, Tana River, Turkana, and Wajir counties. Overall, the assessment covered 21 sub-counties, yielding a total of 113 Key informant Interviews (KIIs).

This needs assessment is meant to be read alongside the NDMA Long Rains Assessment, to complement its findings and provide a snapshot on the current situation.

To gather a holistic image of the current situation, KIIs were captured at three levels. County-level, sub-county level and community level. One (1) county-level National Drought Management Authority (NDMA) officer representative was collected per county.

At the sub-county level, 5 key informants were gathered per sub-county: 1 water department representative, 1 public health department representative, 1 administrator’s office representative, and 2 community-level representatives (1 female and 1 male).